AskDefine | Define troth

Dictionary Definition



1 a mutual promise to marry [syn: betrothal, engagement]
2 a solemn pledge of fidelity [syn: plight]

User Contributed Dictionary



  1. the state of being pledged to marry someone; betrothal, engagement
  2. the promise or pledge so given as an act of fidelity


*1893, Henry James, Collaboration
  • Vendemer’s sole fortune is his genius, and he and Paule, who confessed to an answering flame, plighted their troth like a pair of young rustics or (what comes for French people to the same thing) young Anglo-Saxons.

Extensive Definition

A promise (also called troth) is a psychological contract indicating a transaction between two persons whereby the first person undertakes in the future to render some service or gift to the second person or devotes something valuable now and here to his or her use. A promise may also refer to any kind of vow or guarantee.

Promises and religions

Religions have differing attitudes towards promises.


In Christianity, a distinction is made between simple promises and oaths/vows, with only the latter being seen as involving God, either as witness to the promise or recipient of it, although He sees the simple promises too.
The act of making a solemn oath may be done on one's own, but certain oaths or vows, especially when it effects a person's vocation in life and role in the community, are made publicly, and before a priest or public official. A Christian who makes an oath to God is responsible for it, not to the peril of his soul, but as a sin if he breaks it.
Certain sects of Western Christianity, amongst them the Religious Society of Friends and the Mennonites, object to the taking of both oaths and affirmations, basing their objections upon a commandment given in the Sermon on the Mount, and regard all promises to be witnessed by God.


Before the life, spirits of all people has promised Allah that they would accept Tawheed, if they are sent to the Earth. Ones who accept that will go to Jannah and ones who break their promises will go to Jahannam. However, Allah forbids all people who turns back to Islam, which they are born with it. In An-Nahl 91, Allah forbids Muslims to break their promises after they have confirmed them. All promises are regarded as having Allah as their witness and guarantor. In a Hadith, Muhammed states that a Muslim who made a promise and then saw a better thing to do, should do the better thing and then make an act of atonement for breaking the promise.


troth in German: Versprechen
troth in Portuguese: Promessa
troth in Simple English: Promise
troth in Swedish: Löfte
troth in Yiddish: פארשפרעכונג

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

adherence, adhesion, affiance, allegiance, assurance, assure, attachment, avouch, avouchment, banns, banns of matrimony, become engaged, betroth, betrothal, betrothing, betrothment, bona fides, bond, bonne foi, constancy, contract, contract an engagement, countersign, devotedness, devotion, engage, engagement, espousal, faith, faithfulness, fealty, fidelity, firmness, good faith, guarantee, handfasting, homage, loyalty, make a promise, marriage contract, oath, parole, pledge, plight, plighted faith, plighted troth, promise, publish the banns, solemn declaration, staunchness, steadfastness, swear, tie, true blue, trueness, underwrite, vouch, vow, warrant, warranty, word, word of honor
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